Trade Unions

Ghana Trades Union Congress (Ghana TUC)

The Ghana TUC was launched in 1945 as a national centre of trade unions, with the major objective of leading the rest of organised labour in protecting collective bargaining rights as well as in policy intervention concerning labour market and other national issues.  It began with a total membership of 6,030 belonging to 14 affiliates. The political upheavals of the 1950s up to independence in 1957 provided the atmosphere for the growth of unions. By 1958 when Ghana TUC completed a major round of organisational renewal the over 80 house unions who made up its affiliates were restructured into 24 affiliates. The number of affiliates has changed as a result of amalgamations and withdrawals, and today there are 18 affiliates with varying sizes, ranging from unions with less than a total membership of 1,000 to those with membership of well over 40,000.

The affiliated trade unions are as follows:

  1. General Agricultural Workers' Union (GAWU)
  2. Ghana Mine Workers' Union (GMWU)
  3. Public Services Workers' Union (PSWU)
  4. Maritime and Dock-workers' Union (MDU)
  5. Construction and Building Workers' Union (CBWU)
  6. Timber and Wood-workers' Union (TWU)
  7. Railway Workers' Union (RWU)
  8. Public Utility Workers' Union (PUWU)
  9. General Transport, Petroleum and Chemical Workers' Union (GTPCWU)
  10. Teachers and Educational Workers' Union (TEWU)
  11. Railway Engine-men's Union (REU)
  12. Communications Workers' Union (CWU)
  13. Local Government Workers' Union (LGWU)
  14. National Union of Seamen (NUS)
  15. Health Services Workers' Union (HSWU)
  16. Ghana Private Road Transport Union (GPRTU)
  17. Union of Industry, Commerce & Finance Workers' (UNICOF)
  18. Federation of Universities Snr. Staff Association of Ghana ( FUSSAG)

At international level Ghana TUC is a member of the new International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC).


General Agricultural Workers Union of Ghana (GAWU)

Founded 1983 and registered in 1986. The outgrowers Association is a project of the union. It tries to unite Informal farmers by taking up issues of cultivation, sales, prices, fighting against violence against women (public awareness, provision of first aid, conselling and support, accompanying women to state agencies), attending to the welfare of its members, providing exchange visits between areas where the programme is operating. It unites all farmers - formal and Informal under GAWU. The union collaborates with the Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MOFA), the InterNational Union of Food, Agricultural, Hotel, Restaurant, Catering, Tobacco and Allied Workers.